Urbanization and modernization have certainly brought in their wake global warming as an offshoot of carbon emissions. Carbon sequestration is a process by which the carbon sources remove carbon dioxide (CO2) from our atmosphere. Though forests contribute towards carbon sequestration in a large amount, agricultural crops also . Satellite data and GIS methods are used to determine the extent of biomass, carbon sequestration and productivity of farm lands. Carbon outputs can be measured through remote sensing.
CO2 is known as the most important greenhouse gas, which can bring forth global warming, affecting sea levels, causing drought and other adverse climate effects. Forests, atmosphere, oceans are known as the greatest generators of oxygen. They also act as sinks, which can take in a higher quantity of carbon than their emissions.
Through calculating a dried plant’s bio mass, this rate of absorption if calculated. However this is both a cost and labor intensive method. When you resort to calculate the bio mass data through remote sensing it becomes cheaper and more accurate. The cost effectiveness of this method is visible because by calculating biomass values, through remote sensing, you can even arrive at the carbon sequestration of crops in a wider area, in a short period of time.
It is calculated that the amount of untapped organic matter untapped throughout the globe is in the billions of tonnes. It is this organic matter is later converted, through natural processes, into fuel like coal, wood, petrol, peat, as well as diesel. When you burn the fuels the stored carbon is released into the atmosphere.
Remote sensing offers calculation of such emissions, which can be sited through illustrative examples permanent sample farm plots, in addition to systematic characteristics, repeated by many satellites. Remote sensing contributes in a large measure to the measure and consequently control carbon outputs.